4 Types of Adoption

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4 Types of Adoption

All adoptions differ from case to case, and there are numerous factors that can play a role in how your adoption journey is shaped; the child you want to adopt, where you choose to adopt your child, and the way your family is structured will all have an effect on the process.

There are four most common ways a family can grow through adoption, infant adoption, foster care adoption, foster to adopt, and independent adoption. Each type has a necessary set of steps to complete as well as advantages and disadvantages.

Foster Care Adoption

This is the placement of a child who is in foster care, whose biological parents’ can’t care for them, and whose parental rights have been terminated by a court. The children are temporarily placed in group homes or foster homes while preparing for adoption.

Foster care adoption is a great option for the following types of families:

  • Those who want to adopt regardless of age, race, gender, or special needs
  • Families who want to help a child in need of a home

Foster-to-Adopt

This is a form of adoption where the child will be placed in your home for your family to foster, but with the expectation that they will become available to be adopted by you. Families who become foster parents and then later end up adopting are also pursuing a form of foster parent adoption called foster-to-adopt.

Infant Adoption

There are typically more people pursuing the adoption of infants than there are infants available to be adopted. Most of these families will use an intermediary, such as a lawyer,  physician, or other facilitators rather than through a licensed adoption agency, when adopting infants.

Independent adoption

In this case, It’s possible to adopt an infant through a public or private agency, but there may be a long wait before a child is identified for you. Also, there is usually no counseling for birth parents who put up their children for adoption.

In some cases, no identifying information about the birth family or the adoptive family is shared between the two, with no contact between the families being a common characteristic. This may be known as a closed adoption.

After the adoption is finalized, records are sealed, and depending on local law and what paperwork was signed when the adoption was finalized, these records may or may not be available to the adopted child when they reach 18.

When an adoption allows for some form of association among the adoptive parents, birth parents, and the child they adopted, this is called open adoption. This is mainly common in adoptions involving older children and teenagers since the children may already know identifying or contact information about members of their birth families, and may want to stay in touch with siblings placed separately.

Every child deserves to grow up in a loving and supportive home. Pregnancy by Choice has some adoption options that can be a wonderful gift for prospective adoptive parents and the child. Request an appointment today.

Source: Marie Stopes South Africa (Safe Abortion and Post Abortion Family Planning)

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    By |2021-10-28T12:26:55+02:00July 20th, 2021|Uncategorized|Comments Off on 4 Types of Adoption