When you suspect you might be infertile or if you just want to determine whether you are or not, visit your doctor for a definitive consultation. Your doctor will go over your health history, the medications you’ve used, sexual history, and your sex habits. This is important information in the event you are infertile as it will help in the treatment process or procedure your doctor will recommend.
For women, the test will include a physical examination and a pelvic exam. The doctor will take note of whether you ovulate regularly and that your ovaries are releasing eggs. Blood tests are taken and the ovaries and uterus may be examined by ultrasound, and a specific X-ray test can check the uterus and fallopian tubes.
What Are the Treatments for Infertility?
Infertility treatment depends on the cause:
- Your age
- Duration of infertility
- Personal preferences.
Due to this disorder being of a complex nature, infertility treatment involves substantial financial, physical, psychological and time commitments. Although most women need just a couple of therapy sessions to restore fertility, it’s possible that several different types of treatment may be needed. Treatments can either attempt to restore fertility through medication or surgery, or help you get pregnant with sophisticated techniques.
Fertility restoration – Drugs
Fertility drugs act to stimulate ovulation and are the main treatment method for women who are infertile due to ovulation disorders.
The fertility drugs will work like the natural hormones to trigger ovulation. These are also used in women who ovulate to try to stimulate a better egg or extra eggs.
Fertility drugs may include:
- Clomiphene citrate.
Fertility restoration: Surgery
A number of surgical procedures aim to correct problems or reduce infertility in women. However, surgical treatments for fertility are not as popular these days due to the success of other treatments.
Fertility surgery includes:
- Laparoscopic or hysteroscopic surgery
These surgeries can remove or correct abnormalities
- Tubal surgeries
This surgery is used to remove adhesions, dilate a tube or create a new tubal opening if your fallopian tubes are blocked or filled with fluid.
Infertility can also be treated via assisted reproductive technology (ART).
There are several types of ART:
- Intrauterine insemination (IUI): Sperm is collected and placed directly in the uterus while she is ovulating.
- In vitro fertilization (IVF): The sperm and egg are collected and brought together in a lab. The fertilized egg will be monitored as it grows for 3 to 5 days, then gets placed in the uterus.
Where to go for help
If you think you may have fertility issues, you’ll need to begin with a physical examination. Make an appointment to see your healthcare provider, or find your nearest Marie Stopes centre and make an appointment online.
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