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What is an aspiration abortion

What is an aspiration abortion

The decision to have an abortion is not an easy one to make because there are so many factors that you need to consider. However, if you decide that abortion is right for you, there are two procedures available; in this article, we’re going to explain the aspiration abortion procedure.


Aspiration abortion is commonly performed in the first trimester, (up to 12 weeks’ gestation period) – it has a low risk when performed during this timeframe. The procedure can also be performed when you’re in your second trimester (up to 20 weeks). However, the surgery is more complicated if undergone at this point.

How an aspiration abortion works – (10 to 16 weeks’ gestation)

A doctor will gently open your uterus and insert a hollow tube, removing the lining of the uterus with a light vacuum action.

To have this procedure, you need to be in your first trimester (first three months) of pregnancy. (This means you are 12 weeks pregnant or less.)

The procedure takes less than 15 minutes and is 99 percent effective.

Once you’ve had the procedure, you need to take care of yourself. Here are some critical post-abortion healthcare steps to follow.

What to do after an aspiration abortion

  1. Shower instead of taking a bath.
  2. Avoid sexual intercourse.
  3. Use sanitary pads instead of tampons.
  4. Avoid going swimming.

When to seek medical advice

  1. Your bleeding becomes heavy
  2. You develop a fever
  3. You experience severe cramping or abdominal (tummy) pain.

These symptoms could indicate an infection, and medical intervention may be necessary.

Remember, you don’t need to be ashamed about having a surgical abortion, it’s your legal right, and no one should ever make you question that.

It’s also common to have emotional symptoms after an abortion. Ensure that you make an appointment with a professional counsellor or social worker; it’s his/her job to help you understand and work through your emotions.

If you require additional information, you can visit your nearest reputable women’s healthcare clinic. The staff will be able to answer your questions you may have about an aspiration abortion procedure.

Source: Marie Stopes South Africa (Safe Abortion and Post Abortion Family Planning)



You can expect intermittent mild to severe cramps whether you choose the medical process (often called the abortion pill) or procedure (a minor same-day procedure). However, the pain can be managed by medication.

The cost of our services varies according to:

  • the location of the Marie Stopes centre you choose
  • the stage of your pregnancy
  • the method you choose (medical process or procedure)

Please contact us for more information.

Yes. Neither abortion method will prevent you from getting pregnant in the future.

  • The abortion pill is 98 – 99 percent effective.
  • The procedure is 99 percent effective.

Medication abortion:
You will take two pills. The first pill is commonly known as the abortion pill (mifepristone). It stops the ovaries from producing the hormone, progesterone – which is needed for pregnancy. The second pill, called misoprostol, needs to be taken 6 – 48 hours after taking the first pill. It causes cramping and bleeding which empties your uterus.

Procedure abortion:
A doctor will stretch your uterus and insert a hollow tube, removing the lining of the uterus through aspiration of the tissue.

The most common after-abortion side effects include:

  • Abdominal cramps
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Sore breasts
  • Fatigue
  • Light vaginal bleeding

Emergency complications can include:

  • Fever
  • Chills
  • Excessive heavy bleeding
  • Strong-smelling vaginal discharge
  • Severe abdominal pain

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    By |2020-07-13T15:57:00+02:00July 11th, 2019|Safe Abortion, Surgical procedure|0 Comments